Holland in Summer 2010.

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Kalenberg in the Weerribben National Park      PREVIOUS PAGE
May was out and we cast out clouts and sure enough summer came to northern Holland as we arrived in Gorredijk at the start of the Turf route. This is a network of small canals which were dug during the 19th century to transport the peat being dug in the area. We are among the largest boats that can navigate the Turf route and were met by a friendly bunch of Turfies who put us through the first lock, sold us a 15 permit and a 7 flag, presented us with a load of literature in a Turfroute bag and directed us to a nice mooring, all moorings are free on the Turf route. Now that summer was here, a new case of beer was called for so we located the local Aldi and traded in a case of 33cl empties for a new one of full ones, all for about 5! It's cheaper to drink beer here than water!
The next day saw us meandering very slowly along the canal, lots of turning footbridges which we had to work ourselves and a couple more locks before arriving at Hemrik where we even had electricity to plug in to. Lovely weather for cruising through this nice green countryside with lots more woodland than we had seen elswhere in Holland.
Duurswoude Heide
We cycled a lot with the improvement in the weather and discovered lots of heathland, reminiscent of areas in Hampshire and the New Forest. The Dutch call them Heides.
Amongst the literature we were presented with in Gorredijk was a notice telling us that the bridge in the centre of Oosterwolde was being replaced and air draft was limited to three metres which was too tight for us to risk so we decided to turn south again down towards Meppel and then travel north to rejoin the Turf route. We were told that this was known as the big Turf route.Shelties at OlderberkoopGoats on the canal bank We arrived at Oldeberkoop where a sign directed us up a 1km long narrow dead end cut to a harbour which we were too big to enter so we had to reverse all the way back to the main canal where there was a mooring and then cycle in to the village. The next day we passed the last Turf route lock and suggested to the nice Turfie lady that they put a sign up warning that the Oldeberkoop harbour is limited to 15m length boats!
We crossed over the provincial border from Friesland into Overijssel and arrived at Ossenzjil, parking in a really nice harbour where we replaced a gas bottle and nearly bankrupted ourselves with the mooring fees. This was the entrance to the Weerribben National Park, and the largest area of wetland in Northern Europe, a heritage of the peat digging and now a water tourist playground. We cycled over to Oldemarkt for supplies then back through the park and the little village of Kalenberg (pictured top left above), full of narrow waterways, thatched cottages and boats of every description. We elected to miss out this navigation and took the canal towards Steenwijk, finding a nice quiet mooring bankside for a spot of painting and BBQ-ing.
Canada Geese family
A hoot from a passing cruiser turned out to be Koh and Rite in Agitado II, previous owners of Harmonie and we were soon on board swapping experiences since we saw then in Kerkhoven. We seem fated to meet up with them and anticipate we will see them again this summer.
Fratelli Italian restaurant in Giethoorn We filled up with water at Steenwijk then cycled into town for provisions before cruising down to Giethoorn and mooring in the visitor harbour. Giethoorn must hold the title of the prettiest village in Holland, full of thatched cottages, tiny canals and little wooden bridges it is known as the "Green Venice". We cycled around and found it full of little pubs and restaurants so decided to eat out that evening. Unfortunately the weather changed and a thunderstorm threatened so we decided not to cycle but to walk in with a brolly. We selected an Italian restaurant and as we arrived the heavens opened but by the time we had eaten the storm had abated. We had good food and wine at this old Sicilian family business at a reasonable price and can heartily recommend Fratelli's.
Giethoorn was founded by refugees from the Mediterranean area in the year 1200 who found goat horns there from a previous catastrophic flood, hence the village name.
Giethoorn - Little Green Venice
You can take a trip round the canals in a tour boat, hire your own dory or take your own dinghy but the wet weather put the proverbial damper on such an excursion for us. After leaving Giethoorn we headed out onto the Beulaker Wijde, up through the Walengracht, across the Giethoornse Meer and found a mooring near Muggenbeet.
Street in BlokzijlVollenhove church from old garden
We cycled across to Blokzijl (pronounced blok-sail) on a couple of occasions, varying the route each time to take in the attractive countryside. Blokzijl was a fishing port on the edge of the Zuider Zee. It has a large harbour and what was originally a sea lock at its entrance. We bought one of the local speciality cakes called "Blokzijl Blok" which is a cinnamon flavoured heavy stodgy concoction.
Sculpture to rescued fishermen Our next destination was Vollenhove, (pronounced Follen-Hover), a village with a similar history where we visited the Tuin van Marxveld, the garden of a 16th century noble with a tree and gardens dating from that era. A sculpture of three fishermen overlooks the outer harbour who survived in the mid 18th century for 14 days on an ice flow in the Zuider Zee before being rescued by a Vollenhove boat.
You can see Harmonie moored in the harbour beyond the sculpture. As we moored up our stem just touched the bow rail (with peeling white paint) of the cruiser moored on the same pontoon. The Harbourmaster noticed a small piece of curly white paint stuck on our bow and called the cruisers owner who asked for 20 to repaint it! We paid him, grudgingly, and vowed to be more careful when mooring next to "Noddy" boats in future!
We sailed on through the Kadoelermeer and Zwartmeer into Zwartwater and up the Mepplerdiep to Meppel in the province of Drenthe where we bunkered and bought a new gas cylinder and deck paint, then through the Mepplersluis where the Harbourmaster welcomed us and directed us to a mooring behind an old clipper ship serving as a floating pancake restaurant.Harmonie in Meppel Unfortunately a barge being used for work on the bank restricted the space for us to get past and, as the mooring was in a dead end, we turned around and came past astern. I failed to notice a heavy iron hook hanging out over the stern of the clipper on a derrick which collided with our wheelhouse and then caught up underneath the wheelhouse roof overhang so we were stuck fast!! No damage done, we were eventually able to free it and managed to creep past without further incident.
Meppel is a lively town with a great Thursday market in the Kerkplien where you are serenaded with a recital on the Carillon while you shop. We bought fresh fish, a cooked chicken, fresh fruit, speciality bread, lots of licorice, cakes, humus, prawns in garlic mayo and olives before we had to stop boosting the local economy for lack of funding! Added to that our mooring was adjacent to the local Aldi so we stocked up large there as well.
Our guide book told us that at the working windmill on the harbour quayside, you could buy their own stoneground flour, however, we walked gaily in to discover it is now a private residence.
Meppel windmill
We left Meppel and headed north up the Drentsche Hoofdvaart, a smaller canal with 28 metre long locks that did not leave much space for our 24 metres due to a wide sill so we had to stop well short of the top gates. The countryside became more leafy and picturesque as we progressed until at Smilde we turned left back onto the Turfroute intending to go up to Appelscha then return. We first moored up and rigged the satellite dish to watch the England Australia test match in Sydney on TV. A great game of Rugby finished 20 - 21 in England's favour, the first time we had beaten Oz on their home patch since the World Cup seven years ago.
Quotes 'wot I like:
"There isn't a single windmill owner in Holland who doesn't have a second job, for when there is no wind."
Johnny Ball 1938 -
At the first lock of the Turfroute we learnt that we had a problem. The bridge at Oosterwolde that was being replaced and currently restricting headroom to 3 metres, had to be passed as there was nowhere a ship of our size needing 3.1 metres could turn around. The lock keeper at Appelscha said that he knew the headroom was exactly 3 metres but they had managed to lift the bridge recently to let a local boat our size through. It being Saturday he could do nothing until Monday but would telephone his office then to see if they could help. Failing that we were faced with a 5km journey and two locks going astern!! The news on Monday was not good. Not only would they not lift the bridge but the clearance was reduced to 2.95 metres. The Appelscha lock keeper was most apologetic and thought that we might be able to turn around at a place just below the first lock. If the guy at that first lock had given me that information we would have turned around then. It took us just over 2 hours to travel backwards through 1 lock and 5 bridges back to the first lock, at one time passing a few Dutch cruisers coming the other way who reminded us that "in Holland we do it the other way round"! Finally we managed to turn around in an old cut below the first lock leaving a lot of water lilies the worse for wear having been minced though our bow thruster!
Assen Festival Poster We moored up that night on the main canal and cycled into Assen (pronounced Arsen) about 3km up the old canal which now terminates in the centre at a sparkling new harbour with room to turn a 30 metre long ship but we decided to stay put where we were. As you can see the Assenites have a sense of humour when it comes to the name of their town! It has great shopping and a really good street market.
Assen is the provincial capital of Drenthe and the centre is mostly modern, having suffered much destruction in WW2. The region had a large Jewish population who were deported to death camps from just south of the city.
The Drents museum in Assen was featuring an exhibition of gold artifacts from Georgia dating from 550 BC which was fascinating but a further exhibition of photographs by Archil Kidodze of the Caucasus Mountains was equally impressive. The museum closes in mid August for a face lift which will take until next summer in case any readers are in the area and fancy a visit.Caucasus Mountain scene by Archil Kidodze, Georgian Photographer
The countryside around Assen is very pretty and abounds with heath land, much like the New Forest in England. It also boasts many Megalith's, ancient burial sites consisting of huge stones forming a grave which were then covered with sand. These people lived some 5000 years ago and are known as the Beaker Folk, named after the pottery which was found here. Drents Museum has reconstructed the head of a woman found in one of these graves and you can also see the mummified remains of a sacrificial victim.
We decided to cycle out into the countryside to have a look at these megalith's of which there are over 50 in the area. This is without doubt some of the most picturesque countryside we have seen in Holland. Highland cows on Drensche heathlandMegalith near Gasteren Cycling across an area of heath land we came across some Highland Cattle. At least that is what we call them but this was decidedly the lowlands. The Celtic tribes lived in this area so maybe they brought these animals to the Scottish highlands? Winters here can be very severe so they would have needed hardy animals to withstand the climate.
We found our first megalith at a place called Gasteren Duinen where we were both bitten by horse flies, then lunch was taken in the nice little village of Anloo prior to returning through the Balloerveid, an area resembling a desert in places.
Dune country at Balloerveid
Continuing our cruise north we stopped 5km short of Groningen, and after mending a puncture on Sues bike, cycled in to the city. We found a place we could moor right in the old centre where we could collect friends arriving the next week and cycled back. The next day the tyre was flat so I cycled in again to buy a new inner tube then we set off to the Hortus Haren, a botanic garden nearby. It was slightly overgrown and looked neglected, as if they didn't have enough gardeners or money to maintain it properly.
The next day was spent chilling out watching the Grand Prix and the England cricket team winning the ODI series against Australia by the skin of their teeth. Hanging kitchens in AppingedamThat's us world 20/20 champions and we now seem to have the 50 over game sorted. As current holders of the Ashes I reckon our cricket team is in pretty good shape to defend the Ashes on Aussie turf later this year.
Quotes 'wot I like:
"There is nothing more exciting in sport when the top two countries in the world are battling for the Ashes."
Ian Botham 1955 -

I believe the England soccer team of over rated overpaid pansies were knocked out of the world cup that day by Germany which was not unexpected!
Our next port of call was Appingedam where we berthed in a nice new harbour with its own little cafe and terrace right in the town centre opposite the church. The town is full of quaint buildings, none of them exactly vertical but its unique feature are the hanging kitchens which cantelever out over the canal.
We returned to Groningen and moored in the centre of the city on the Aa. The next day we met our friends Alistair Simpson, Pat Palmer and Pat's granddaughter Daasha off the train from Schiphol.
Groningen was much damaged by bombs at the end of WW2 so much of the city was rebuilt, however, there remain many interesting old buildings of which the Goudkantoor (gold depository), a 1635 renaissance building, and the 97 metre high St. Martin Tower dating from 1496 are two. The modernistic museum, built in 1994, was closed until December for renovation. They don't build them to last these days!
The Goudkantoor in GroningenSt. Martins Tower, Groningen
After an early morning shopping expedition to the Friday market we set off north arriving at Zoutkamp mid afternoon in sweltering temperatures. We lingered in the local Spa store which was air conditioned and the staff all sitting down in front of the telly to watch Holland beat Brazil in the soccer world cup. Next morning saw us reversing back out of the long harbour between boats moored on both sides, then moving towards the lift bridge an agitated lady shouted at us that the bridge was closed! As experienced bridge collision experts we shouted back that we knew that and could navigate through with the bridge closed, which we did! DokkumOut onto the wide Zoutkamperril with Alistair at the wheel, herds of highland cows on the banks, keeping their cool in the shallows, then out into Lauwersmeer which is very shallow in places so that careful attention to the bouyage was a requirement. Daasha, who lives in Las Vegas, pronounces bouys Booees. She will need much education to become the real Englishwoman she so desires!
Into the Dokkumer Djip and through the lock at Dokkumer Nieuwe Zijlen where we moored up for lunch then on along the Dokkumer Grutdjip to Dokkum and Daasha gets her first lessons in steering Harmonie, a process that excites her so much, she announces it to the world on the ships intercom!
Windmill at Dokkum Dokkum is famous for the killing of the Anglo-Saxon missionary St. Boniface by pagan Frisians in 754. It is the most northerly Dutch city and a very pleasant place indeed where Alistair and myself settled down to some 'bird watching' over a few cleansing ales outside one of the many bars. We ate out at a dubious Indonesian restaurant that evening, having walked in through pouring rain which had cleared by the time we joined the 9am convoy next morning through the three Dokkum bridges for which they demanded a brugeld of 4.50. The daylight robbery continued through the two bridges at the very pretty village of Burdaard on the Dokkumer Le and, still in convoy, Leeuwarden demanded 6 for its bridges and kept us waiting while they had their lunch!
Late lunch at De Salon in Leeuwarden Here we met up again with Peter and Jan on Ebenhaezer and we managed to find a nice mooring right next to them on the banks of the gardens known as the Prinsentuin. We all trooped of to De Salon on the Niewestad and had a late lunch of wraps and tapas sitting on a bridge over the canal.
Our guests left us here and we walked them to the station to board a train to Amsterdam. That evening we enjoyed a BBQ on board Ebenhaezer and were entertained by a couple of copulating couples on the grassy bank alongside!
Leeuwarden is the provincial capital of Friesland and its claim to fame is that it was the home of Margaretha Gertrude Zelle, otherwise known as Mata Hari. She was executed by the French for spying during WW1 and a museum here features her life story.
Harmonie and Ebenhaezer at Leeuwarden
The river Ee winds through the old Prinsentuin which dates from the 16th century and there are continuous picturesque moorings on both sides of the river with a free ferry in the middle. The 16th century Oldehove tower was not completed due to subsidence and it leans at quite an angle. Oldehove leaning tower LeeuwardenWe stayed a couple of nights here and then set off south in convoy with Ebenhaezer down to Sneek for a meeting with a barging Australian couple, friends of Pete and Jan. A prospect of a bit of Oz baiting loomed, what with the recent Rugby defeat on home ground and the ODI series win by our cricketers although we were suitably trounced in the latter two matches, thanks to this 100mph bowler Tait they drafted in to save a whitewash. Lets hope they can't persuade him to play in their test side!
On meeting Australians Vicki and Max Cooper on their barge Yavanna, Vicki announced that she had absolutely no interest in sport and she had married Max because he was similarly inclined so though I tried hard to wind them up over the latest England victories I failed miserably. As Australia has recently appointed a Welsh Pommie Tart as their Prime Minister, perhaps there has been a seed change in the Ozzie psyche in recent times?!
Dinner and World cup football in Sneek
We all went out for dinner at De Walrus in Sneek and watched Holland beat Uruguay. We were all rooting for Holland with the rest and Max was making more noise than the locals every time Holland scored. Not bad for someone who has no interest in sport!
Sunset on the Alde Wei We left Sneek and headed across Sneekermeer and down the Alde Wei (presumably "old way"?) where there were lots of moorings but all full of boats. We eventually found one with only two other boats on it and soon discovered the reason why; the local farmer was spreading slurry! The next day we managed to find another mooring upwind then cycled into Joure for provisions. It was very hot so that apart from a brief cycle trip into Terherne the next two days were spent lazing on the foredeck under a parasol watching the constant procession of boats sailing past. Late one night the weather broke with a spectacular and violent thunder storm. Everything that wasn't tied down was lifted off the deck, flower tubs, chairs, satellite dish and even the heavy dinghy was lifted off the aft deck and deposited in the oggie. It is now firmly secured.
Quotes 'wot I like:
"I'm not religious. In Spain all 22 players make the sign of the cross before they enter the pitch. If it works all matches must therefore end in a draw."
Johan Cruijff 1947 -
The following day Max and Vicki arrived in Yavanna and the four of us took the ferry across to the local pub to watch Spain beat Holland for the Soccer World Cup with lots of very sad Orange people. The game was poor. I am not a fan of the round ball game but it seemed to me that it was spoilt by a Dutch team who tried to kick Spain off the ball rather than playing with the obvious skill they possess and demonstrated earlier in the competition. The Dutch blamed the English referee for their defeat of course!
Off again down to Lemmer but it was full so we ended up on a lonely mooring on Grutte Brekken 20 metres offshore.
A Friesian horse? cow? Back in Sneek we met up again with Koh and Rite, as predicted, and dined at the adjacent Chinese. We have yet to find a really good Chinese this trip but it was at least edible. We then cruised up to Grou and found a mooring on the Sitebourster Le about 6km from Grou. After dragging our bikes ashore, under an electric fence, across a field, over a stile and over two fiets ferries we arrived in Grou, a sort of Dutch Carmel with a 'yottie' touch and lots of up market shops with prices to match. On our return we noticed a horse with the markings of a Friesian cow. I promise you that this is not a fake picture and this animal is a genuine horsecow!
That night the weather deteriorated to blow from the south west force eight and we were moored on the north east corner of the lake receiving the full force of the wind and waves. We had no sleep with the movement of the ship and the slapping of water on the hull. The next morning the weather worsened if anything and we were pinned to the jetty until the afternoon when the wind dropped and we managed to get off and up the Kromme Le into calm water and a nice mooring.
Storm clouds on the Kromme Le We now reviewed our cruising plans for the rest of the summer. We had intended to stay here in Friesland until our friends the Hockeys arrived at the end of July, cruise with them from Sneek to Harlingen then potter about for a further two weeks before meeting up with Pete and Jan to travel south together. We had by now already visited most of the major Friesland towns and there were other places further south that we wanted to visit before returning to Belgium so we decided to change our plans, head south to Meppel to rendevous with the Hoks who can easily travel there by train from Schiphol and cruise with them to Haarlem via Elburg, Amersfoort, Weesp and Amsterdam. We would then return to Weesp to cruise down the Vecht to Utrecht then further south to navigate the Linge prior to returning to Belgium via the Wilhelminakanaal where we plan to arrive early September for a trip by car back to the UK.
Tjalk under full sail on Peanster Le We continued cruising up to Burgum then south through the lakes to Drachten and back through some very narrow waterways into Peanster Le. Here we encountered a big green hulled Tjalk with a full crew of about ten, all in blue shirts, under full sail and travelling at about 10 knots. Without slowing she overtook us as we came through the narrow channel into the Pikmar when a motor cruiser came round the corner on the wrong side of the channel. He managed to scrape between us but it was a close shave!
We then headed south west down the Prinses Margrietkanaal before turning off down through Langwarder and Skarster Rien to Tjeukemeer where we moored on a little island and BBQ'd. It was a lovely little mooring among the rushes with the one drawback of being adjacent to the motorway! There were Marrekrite moorings all round the island and we followed a path to complete a full circuit without finding any of the island population apart from the boatswain who had paddled ashore in an empty latrine bucket! (As we walked I kept reciting what I could remember of the Boatswain monologue which annoyed Sue and is much too rude for this web site)
Harmonie on an island mooring in Tjeukermeer
Approaching Steenwijk to replenish water and provisions, a loud yell from a moored boat was Koh and Rite on Agitado II, then on up the Hoogeveensche Vaart to Rogat where we cycled back into Meppel to check with the harbourmaster that we could get a berth there the following week. The next day we passed Agitado again at Echten but the mooring was full so we were unable to stop. We travelled as far as Coevorden, right on the German border. We meant to stay longer but the mooring was next to a railway bridge which is not the best place for sleeping. On our return we spent a couple of nights at Geesbrug where we did some cycling and managed to find a golf course with a nice restaurant where we had lunch. Whilst relaxing in the wheelhouse we kept hearing a knocking sound against the hull. I thought it was one of the fenders but when I looked closer I could see what I thought was a large bird of some kind which had managed to get between the hull and the bank. I assumed it to be dead and slackened our stern rope to release the body when out swam a fully grown roe deer stag! It was his antlers that we had heard knocking and he swam off downstream, no doubt pleased to be released.
Back in Meppel we reversed between lots of nervous noddy boats and through a narrow bridge to our mooring where we stayed for 3 days to await the Hockeys and experienced Donderdag Meppeldag Internationale Dag (Duitsland)?
Donderdag Meppeldag The great day arrived and the German theme seemed to consist mainly of a five piece brass ensemble who played an eclectic range of music with some skill and panache but at the same time put on a slapstick performance that was meant to be funny but failed. The old chestnut about the German sense of humour appeared to ring true! There were five sound stages spread around the town where a variety of rock and blues bands performed songs from the Quo to Joe Cocker and we drank our way unsteadily around before collapsing into bed in the early hours.
The next morning, feeling a little liverish, the packed harbour all wanted to leave at the same time but we managed to get away by 9.30am. We had bunkered on the way in but still needed a visit to the fuel station for another gas bottle, then on down to Zwartsluis and into Zwartemeer, following the very pleasant waterway to Kampen and a long wait to get through the lock onto the big river Ijssel which we followed down to its end in the Ketelmeer. We were now back on the familiar territory of the Randmeren and stopped for the night on an island in the Drontermeer where we BBQ'd. Even though we were on an island, a man appeared on a boat and demanded a 12 mooring fee!
The old water gate and road gate at Amersfoort Our next port of call was Amersfoort where, after sailing up the river Eem, we arrived in time for the final bridges to close for tea, however, the nice Harbourmaster came down out of hours and opened both bridges where we snaffled the last spot in the harbour. For our reasonable mooring fee we also received a goodie bag with local information and even an Amersfoort pennant so we have quite a collection of flags flying from our mast now.
Amersfoort is a bit special and well worth the 18km journey up the river Eem. It is a completely unspoiled moated medieval city dating mostly from 1400 and criss crossed by lots of quaint little canals. It is also full of restaurants of every description and we found a splendid Spanish seafood one called Casa de Rosa where we consumed oysters, squid, scallops and king crab cooked to perfection.Pretty canals in Amersfoort We should really have stayed longer here as there was much more to see but we had to get the Hoks to Haarlem by Wednesday so we left the next morning in convoy with the Fietsboot. This boat sails every day loaded with cyclists and stops at various places down stream terminating at Spankenburg then returning in the afternoon so you can plan a cycle route of whatever length you fancy then pick up the boat on its way back.
Our journey through what remained of the Randmeren was uneventful then it was out over the Markermeer to Muiden and up the river Vecht to Weesp where the flower arrangements deserved a prize. Here we found a place right in the centre of town tied up to the railings but with absolutely no mooring facilities we were still charged for the privilege.
Harmonie in Weesp
The bridge across the river Vecht was a picture festooned with white and purple petunias. We were moored off the main river on the Smal Weesp. This is a popular tourist route to the Amstel and Amsterdam and there was continuous traffic until the waterway closed for the evening.
Weesp bridgeHeavy traffic on the Smal Weesp
We set off the next day towards Amsterdam, rocking and rolling our way across the Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal and along the Trekvaart Gaasp to join the river Amstel and cruise through the city.
Quotes 'wot I like:
"My experience in Amsterdam is that cyclists ride where the hell they like and aim in a state of rage at all pedestrians while ringing their bell loudly, the concept of avoiding people being foreign to them."
Terry Prachett 1948 -
Our information was that we had to pay a navigation fee as we passed through the Amstel lock but we were not asked for any money and passed through the many bridges with a travelling bridge keeper and out onto the busy Noordzeekanaal. Our PC Navigo software routed us through the Westerdok but when we contacted the port control to open the bridge they told us that there was no way through that way and redirected us to the Oude Houthaven further along the canal. Once again our information was that a navigation fee was payable but as we made to moor up at the port office, two port officials came out and waved us through saying that the next bridge knew we were coming. Here we joined a small convoy and travelled through the 14 opening bridges FOC to the Nieuwe Meer where we found a mooring and BBQ'd yet again. Everyone on board said how much they had enjoyed the cruise through Amsterdam and compared it to the cruise through Paris but I was so busy navigating bridges I had no time to look at the scenery!
Haarlem river front
We arrived at Haarlem at noon the following day, cruising down the river Sparne, admiring the palatial houses along the river banks. At the old Gravestenenbrug one of the harbour staff directed us to a nearby mooring where we found unmetered 16amp electricity and water. Furthermore we were only charged 13.85 a night for everything, an example to be replicated by all harbours in Holland in our opinion.
The Gravestenenbrug in HaarlemThe Bakenesserkerk watch tower in Haarlem Haarlem is Hollands eighth largest city. It became a city in 1245 at which time it was Hollands third largest and its residents drank an average of 2 litres of beer a day which was safer than drinking the water! Needless to say it became famous for its brewing industry, which required clean water collected from the nearby dunes, and its linen industry which polluted the brewers water, but its real expansion came in the 17th century as it became the centre of the Dutch printing and bulb growing industries. The present city is a mixture of old and new architecture with the modern representing a "carbuncle on a treasured face etc....". The skyline is dominated by the huge bulk of the Grote Kerk with its ornate watch tower but I preferred the equally ornate white one atop the Bakenesserkerk.
De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem We visited the Frans Hals museum where they had an exhibition demonstrating the different connections between the historical life in the city at the time the paintings in the collection were made. Frans Hals was reckoned to be the first "modern" artist and lived from 1580 to 1666. The museum was created in 1913 from a group of alms houses of which there are many around the city.
Just around a bend in the river from our mooring was possibly the largest windmill in Holland, De Adriaan. It was destroyed by fire in 1932 and only rebuilt in 2002. Directly behind it is a huge dome which looks about the size of the Albert Hall in London. I asked a local what it was and was told it was "a prison but not for really bad criminals". Later one of the bridge keepers told me there are three other prisons in Holland to the same design.
We found a really good Thai restaurant in town which was followed by coffee and Armagnac in the Grote Markt for our last night with the Hockeys (their treat) who left the next morning by train to Schiphol and a flight back to Bristol while we stayed on for four more nights to further explore Haarlem and the hinterland.
Quotes 'wot I like:
"Age is something that doesn't matter, unless you are a cheese. "
Luis Bunuel 1900 - 1983
We found a great cheese shop in the centre who sold us some delicious olive bread so a second visit was required for more. We even stored one in the freezer! We cycled out into the dune country to Zandvoort then North up to Bloemendaal aan Zee where we had fish and chips for lunch, then further North up through the Kennemerland National Park on a fietspad, up and down dunes, knackering as we are not used to uppies in Holland! We did about 30km that day.
When the harbour master came round originally for our mooring fees we only paid for four nights but stayed for six, however, he did not return again so we owed them two nights fees, feeling guilty as we sailed back down the Sparne to the ringvaart, south to Leiden, much of it familiar from when we were here in 2006 then turned up Korte Vvlietkanaal which changes its name about four times to Katwijk. This is where the Oude Rijn used to flow into the North Sea but, after floods in 1953, it was closed off with a flood barrier. The town used to have a bridge with an air draft of only 1.8 metres and barges were built specially to navigate this bridge known at Katwijkers with a collapsable wheelhouse and a horizontal steering wheel. Nowadays three huge trip boats sail regularly from the town which is a sort of Dutch Weymouth!
We visited the weekly tourist market, bought a flag from the local lifeboat men then retreated back to Harmonie in worsening weather. It rained all afternoon and all night but the next day was bright and sunny as we cruised down the Oude Rijn to Alphen where Harmonie was built and moored up on the canalside at the start of the Aarkanaal which heads north to the River Amstel.

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